Cycling Cols du Télégraphe and Galibier
Ride 35 kilometers gaining 2,115 meters at 5.4% average grade (7.1% climb only).
Cols du Télégraphe and Galibier combined make the #7 most difficult road bike climb in France. Read more about the Top 10 bike climbs in France here.
The climb begins in Saint-Michel-De-Maurienne which is located just south of the epic cycling center of Saint Jeanne de Maurienne.
11.7 kilometers, gain 830 meters at 7.1% average grade.
Since this is the primary route to the popular ski resort town of Valloire, there can be a fair amount of traffic (and buses!) depending on the time of year and day you climb.
There are some wonderful views of the Maurienne Valley as we climb.
Have a meal or snack at Fort du Télégraphe at the finish.
From Col du Télégraphe it is 4.8 kilometers at -3.5% (188m) to the ski resort of Valloire, and from there you’ll experience one of the greatest cycling expeditions in France and the world: Col du Galibier.
Col du Galibier is 17.4 kilometers gaining 1,199 meters at 6.9% average grade.
Climb begins in the ski resort of Valloire.
After a 4.8 kilometer, 162 meter descent, climb Col du Galibier from Valloire.
17.4 kilometers gaining 1,199 meters at 6.9%.
Cols du Galibier and Télégraphe are part of the Route des Grandes Alpes, a tourist itinerary that begins in Thonon-les-Bains and travels over many of the most spectacular passes in France and Europe, including Col de L’Iseran, Galibier, d’Izoard, and Bonette; alternate route includes Croix de Fer and Madeleine.
Photos along the first third of the climb.
Photos along the middle of the climb.
There is a two kilometer set with six hairpins at 8.5% beginning at kilometer 10.
Photos along the final third of the climb.
Stay left at the fork (photo top right).
Tunnel (no) to the right, Col du Galibier (yes) to the left.
Final set of hairpins before the summit.
Seven hairpins for 1.3 kilometers at 9.3% near the top, then 400 meters straight at 10.6% to the finish.
You will be reminded of the Tour de France in many spots along the climb . . .
. . . not the least of which will be the final 50 meters.
Hike about 50 meters up the mountain from the Col parking lot for spectacular views.
COL DU GALIBIER TOUR DE FRANCE HISTORY
PJAMM CYCLING’S TOP 10 MOST FREQUENT CLIMBS OF THE TOUR DE FRANCE -
AND 10 FAMOUS ONES AFTER THAT
© Climb name
Times Featured in Tour de France
Country (if not FR)
As of 2023, Col du Galibier has been featured in more TdFs than all but four other climbs.
Col du Télégraphe is #14 on the all-time list.
Bartali handing Coppi a water bottle on the Galibier in the 1952 TdF,
Or Coppi sending it back to Bartali -- the debate rages . . .
Haute Route quotes Henri Desgrange in his praise of this climb:
The Galibier became a legend at the very first time it was used by the Tour de France, in 1911. This is how Henri Desgrange, creator of the Tour de France, introduced it to his readers: “Oh! Sappey! Oh! Laffrey! Oh! Col Bayard! Oh! Tourmalet! I will not fail in my duty in proclaiming that next to the Galibier you are as weak as dishwater: before this giant there’s nothing one can do but doff one’s hat and bow down low,” (translation by Marvin Faure; (Hauteroute.org - Col du Galibier).
When first crossed in 1911 by the Tour de France, no tour rider had ever ridden higher. Although until 1976 the Galibier route took the tunnel at 2,556 meters, since 1976, the Tour has gone over the pass at the top which is 2,642 meters.
Andy Schleck, Stage 18 of the 2011 Tour de France.
Col du Galibier -- highest mountain top finish ever.
As with many of the challenging and beautiful climbs of France, Galibier is fabulously famous because it has been justifiably blessed by the Tour de France on many occasions (35 times since its first post WWII appearance in 1947, which was the first TdF since 1940). Most recently (as of 2020) Galibier was featured in The Tour in 2019 (Nairo Quintana won the stage from Embrun to Valloire). In 2017 debutante Primoz Roglic became the first Slovenian to win a TdF stage when he came out on top in Stage 17 from La Mure to Serre-Chevalier.
Primoz Roglic, Stage 17 Tour de France.
First Slovenian to win a TdF stage.
Of Galibier and the Tour de France, Wikipedia writes:
The Col du Galibier was first used in the Tour de France in 1911; the first rider over the summit was Emile Georget, who, with Paul Duboc and Gustave Garrigou were the only riders not to walk.
Emile Georget, Col du Galibier, 1911
Photo: Emile Georget.
The original summit was at 2556 m; while the tunnel was closed from 1976 until 2002, the tour route went only over the pass closer to the mountain peak at 2645 m. In 2011, the Tour de France went through the tunnel for the first time during the 19th stage from Modane Valfréjus to L'Alpe d'Huez.
At the south portal of the tunnel, at the edge of the road, there is a monument to Henri Desgrange, instigator and first director of the Tour de France. The memorial was inaugurated when the tour passed on 19 July 1949. Whenever the tour crosses the Col du Galibier, a wreath is laid on the memorial. The "Souvenir Henri Desgrange" is awarded to the first rider across the summit of the highest mountain in each year's tour. In 2006, the prize of 5,000 euros was claimed on the Col du Galibier by Michael Rasmussen.
Since 1947, the Col de Galibier has been crossed 31 times by the Tour de France. It was scheduled to be used in 1996, but was left out at the last minute due to bad weather. As a result of snow on both the Col de l'Iseran and the Col du Galibier, the scheduled 190 km stage from Val-d'Isère to Sestriere in Italy was reduced to a 46 km sprint from Le-Monetier-les-Bains which was claimed by Bjarne Riis, resulting in him taking the yellow jersey which he retained to the finish in Paris.
In the 2008 Tour, the Col du Galibier had been crossed on 23 July in the 210 km stage 17 from Embrun to Alpe d'Huez.
The 2011 Tour climbed the Col du Galibier twice to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the first appearance of the pass in the Tour de France, including the first ever summit finish, won by Andy Schleck after a 60 km solo breakaway. This was the highest ever stage finish in the Tour de France. It was scheduled to be used again in stage 20 of the 2015 Tour, but was left out nine days before the race start due to landslides in the Chambon Tunnel, situated towards the bottom of the descent of the climb.”
The Telegraphe, and Galibier, are the scene of the greatest racing day in the life of Marco Pantani. It was here and in this Stage 15 of the 1998 TdF that Pantini attacked on the Galibier and ultimately turned a three minute deficit into an 11 minute lead against Jan Ullrich. Pantini went on to win the Tour de France that year.
Pantani attacks 4.2 km from Galibier summit.
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