2023 Tour de France: 1 July to 23 July, 2023
The map above will show you the hardest, steepest, and most legendary climbs in this year’s Tour. Scroll down to read about all the climbing the pros will be doing in the Alps, Grand Pyrenees, and all throughout France.
During the Tour, our KOM Corner will have updates on the King of the Mountain competition, such as who is wearing the Polka Dot Jersey, how much power they maintained during the climb, and just how fast he rode to the summit.
Our dynamic list allows you to organize the climbs by stage #, difficulty, altitude gained, highest finish, distance, steepest, etc. Click on a climb or stage to go to a detailed page with additional information. Check out our Tour de France Tutorial Video for more on using the tools on this page.
Also visit our (1) All Time Hardest Tour de France Climbs, (2) Most Legendary and Famous Climbs of the Tour de France, and (3) 10 Highest Climbs in TdF History pages.
2023 TOUR DE FRANCE INFORMATION AND CLIMB DETAILS
Official Map of le Tour de France
2023 TdF Stage Statistics
Col du Tourmalet -- Stage 6, July6, 2023
Since 1910 - 89 appearances in the TdF - more than any other climb.
Official post-race summary for Stage 1 (July 1):
Letour.fr - Stage 21
STANDINGS AFTER STAGE 21 (July 24)
TOP 10 MOST FREQUENT CLIMBS OF THE TOUR DE FRANCE
(AND 10 FAMOUS ONES AFTER THAT)
Interesting 2023 TdF Facts
- This is the 110th Tour de France.
- Start: Bilbao, Spain July 1; Finish - Champs-Élysées, Paris on 23 July
- 18 teams
- Only 2 countries are included in the 2023 TdF: Spain (Basque Country, Stages 1-3) and France.
- The tour nears Switzerland on Stages 14 and 15 just south of Lake Geneva, but never crosses the border.
- All 5 mountain ranges of France are included in the 2023 TdF: Alps, Pyrenees, Vosges, Jura and Massif Central.
- There are 30 category 2 and above climbs.
- Col du Tourmalet returns for the 89th time - far more than any other climb. Other notable climbs appearances:
- Col d’Aspin (74 appearances - second all-time; Pyrenees -
- Col des Aravis (42 - seventh all-time; Alps)
- Ballon d’Alsace (27 - 17th overall; Vosges)
- Col de Marie Blanque (14; Pyrenees)
- Puy Dome (13; Central Massif); first appearance since 1988)
- Col de la Forclaz and Col de Joux Plane (12; Alps)
- Col du Grand Colombier (5; Jura Mountains)
- The official tour release implies that Grand Colombier and Col de la Loze will get more attention in the future:
- “The return to this legendary climb [Puy Dome] will be accompanied by the rise in importance of sites that will mark the Tours of the future, such as the Grand Colombier or the Col de la Loze.”
- Distance: 3,350 kilometers (2,079 miles) - the longest tour was in 1926 at 5,745 kilometers (3,570 miles).
- Longest stage: Stage 2 (Vitoria-Gasteiz > Saint-Sebastien 209 km / 113 miles).
- Total Elevation gained: 55,086 m / 180,728’(well above 2022: 47,861m / 157,024’)
- Most elevation gained on a stage: Stage 17 (5,012 m / 16,444’; includes Cormet Roselend and Col de la Loze).
- Most elevation gained on a climb: Col de la Loze - 1,805 meters / 5,922’
- Highest point on the 2023 TdF is Col de la Loze (Stage 17) at 2304 meters (7,559’)
- Steepest climb: Cote des Amerands 9.5% 2.9 km (Stage 15)
- Steepest segments: (you can filter yourself using the sorting tool in to the left of the map, above).
- 1 kilometer: Cote de Pike - 14.5% (Puy Dome #2 at 14.4%)
- 2 kilometers: Col de Marie Blanque - 13.2% (Puy Dome #2 at 12.3%)
- 5 kilometers: Puy Dome - 11.3% (Col de Marie Blanque #2 at 10.6%)
- 10 kilometers: Col du Tourmalet - 8.9% (Col de la Loze #2 at 8.5%)
- 1 mile: Col de Marie Blanque - 13.6%
- 5 miles: Col de la Loze - 9%.
- This is the 110th Tour de France since its first edition in 1903:
- No TdF 1915-1918 (WWI)
- No TdF 1940-1946 (WWII)
- TdF postponed from 27 June 2020, to 29 August 2020 due to COVID-19 pandemic.
- 8 mountain stages;
- 6 hilly stages;
- 6 flat stages;
- 1 individual time trial
- One travel day between Denmark (Stage 3) and France (Stage 4);
- Two rest days (one after Stage 9 and one after Stage 15).
- There are 4 summit finishes:
- Cauterets-Cambasque (Stage 6 - Pyrenees)
- Puy de Dôme (Stage 9; Central Massif)
- Grand Colombier (Stage 13 Jura Mountains)
- Saint-Gervais Mont-Blanc (Stage 15 - Alps)
- Puy Dome is featured for the first time in 35 years.
- The hardest road bike climb in France is Col de la Loze (Meribel). Col de la Loze (TdF 2023) from a slightly less difficult approach is featured on Stage 17.
- The 5 hardest climbs of the 2023 Tour de France are:
1. Col du Tourmalet (16.9 km at 7.4%)
2. Col de Joux Plane (11.5 km at 8.4%)
3. Col du Grand Colombier (16.1 km at 7.1%)
4. Puy Dome (13.8 km at 7.6%)
5. Col de Soudet (15 km at 7.2%)
- Côte de Vivero (Basque Country; 4.4 km at 7.1%));
- Col de la Croix Rosier (Massif Central; 5.4 km, 7.5%) and
- Col du Feu (Alps; 6.1 km, 7.5%).
- Time bonuses will be awarded at the finish of each stage: 10 seconds (1st), 6 (2nd), and 4 (3rd).
- There will also be bonus seconds that will be located on climbs at strategic points: 8, 5 and 2 seconds for first through third riders past those points.
- No cobbles on this year’s Tour.
- Passes of the 2022 TdF:
- Vosges (1)
- Alps (12)
- Massif Central (1)
- Pyrenees (9)
Appearances - including 2022
(kilometers & miles
(meter & feet)
(meters & feet)
Historical Tour de France Facts of Interest
- Climb most often featured in the Tour: Tourmalet - 89 times as of 2023 with Col d’Aspin second as of 74.
From Campan: 16.9 km gaining 1267m at 7.5% average grade.
From Luz Saint Sauveur: 18.7 km gaining 1319m at 7.1%.
- Highest Point ever reached in the Tour de France: Cime de la Bonette, at 2,802 meters
Cime de la Bonette is the highest point ever reached by the Tour de France
2,802 meters - Stage 18 1962 (passed again in 1964, 1993 and 2008).
© Climb name
Times highest point of TdF (as of 2022)
Times Featured in Tour de France
Cime de la Bonette
Col de l'Iseran
Col du Galibier
Col du Granon
Five highest points the Tour de France has ever reached.
Also see Top 10 Highest Points of the TdF
- Highest point of first (1903) TdF: Col de la République (1,161m).
- Yellow Jersey - overall winner:
- Merckx has the most Grand Tour wins of anyone (11 - 5 TdF, 5 Giro, 1 Vuelta)
- Has the second most Grand Tour wins (10 - 5 TdF, 3 Giro, 2 Vuelta)
- Polka Dot (King of the Mountains - since 1933):
- Green Jersey (most points; since 1953)
- Most days wearing the yellow jersey:
- 111 Eddy Merckx
- 79 Bernard Hinault
- 60 Miguel Indurain
- Most days wearing yellow jersey in a single TdF:
- 21: Jacques Anquetil 1961 - held the yellow jersey from day one.
- Most stage wins in a single tour:
- Most times atop the podium (top three TdF finish):
- First mountain stage and climbs in the Tour:
- Stage 10 July 21, 1910: Luchon to Bayonne
- 326 kilometers
- Circle of Death: Col de Peyresourde, Col d’Aspin, Col du Tourmalet and Col d’Aubisque
- On arriving at the top of Col d’Aubisque Octave Lapize (TdF 1910 winner) yelled to tour organizers what is variously reported as “murderers,” “assasins,” or “criminals.” He also said he would quit the tour after descending to Laruns, but he rallied to complete the stage and go on to win the 1910 Tour de France.
Circle of Death
Tourmalet was the highest point the tour had ever reached as of 1910 (2115m)
Previous high point had been Col de Porte (1326m)
- First mountain-top stage finish: Alpe d’Huez (Dutch Mountain / The Alpe) was the first mountain-top finish in the history of the Tour de France in 1952, Stage 10.
- Country wearing the yellow jersey most:
- France (709)
- Belgium (434).
Frenchmen have been in the maillot jaune far more than any other country.
- Winning TdF in first appearance:
- Youngest winner of the Tour:
- Henri Cornet: France, age 19 (1904)
- Tadej Pogačar: Slovenia, age 21 ( 2020)
- Firmin Lambot: Belgium, age 36 (1922)
- King of the Mountains: Mountain Classification victories (first recognized in 1933; jersey introduced 1975)
“Symbol of the mountains, of a rider pushing beyond their limits and of courage, the red polka dot jersey, which is sponsored by Carrefour, is awarded to the Tour de France’s leader of the best climber classification. Although this classification was introduced in 1933, its symbol, the polka dot jersey, appeared in 1975, which was also the year the Tour first finished on the Champs-Élysées and was won by Bernard Thévenet. It owes its appearance to track racing specialist Henri Lemoine, who competed between the 1930s and 1950s, and that Félix Lévitan, co-director of the Tour with Jacques Goddetwhich, had particularly noticed. While Belgium’s Lucien Van Impe was its first winner and claimed the mountains classification six times, just like his illustrious predecessor, Spain’s Federico Bahamontes, the so-called “Eagle of Toledo”, Frenchman Richard Virenque holds the record for victories with seven titles” (Tour de France, Polka Dot Jersey).
King of the Mountains is designated by the red polka dot jersey.
- Most green jerseys (total points):
- Most white jerseys (best young rider):
- Shortest margin of victory:
- 8 seconds: Greg Lemond over Laurent Fignon in 1989 (Lemond overcame 50 seconds in the final time trial using aero bars for the first time in the TdF).
- Greatest margin of victory:
- France (36)
- Belgium (18)
- Spain (12)
- Italy (10)
- Britain (6)
- Luxembourg (5)
- USA (3)
- Hardest climb ever in the Tour de France: Col de la Loze (Meribel).
EXPLANATION OF KING OF MOUNTAIN, KOM POINTS AND BONUS POINTS
FOR THE 2023 TOUR DE FRANCE
KOM DEFINED: Climb-related points are accumulated during the race. The rider with the most accumulated points at the beginning of the stage wears the red polka dot jersey that day, and the rider with the most points at the end of the race is crowned that year’s Tour de France King of the Mountains.
“Category”: When the mountain classification (King of the Mountains) was introduced in 1933, there were points given to the first 10 riders over the summit (10 for first, 1 for tenth). In 1947, the Tour introduced two climb “categories” with a certain amount of points for the second category and twice as many as for the first category. Over the years “categories” were added, in addition to an “Above” category (Hors or HC) and since 1979 there have been a HC (hardest), Category 1 (second hardest) on down to Category 4 (least difficult climb).
The category of the climb is significant for two reasons:
- The points awarded for the TdF KOM for each climb is based upon the category of climb - thus, “category” is the basis for the points that are used to determine each year’s King of the Mountains.
- Most cycling fans, particularly Grand Tour fans, are very interested in the climb “category” because that tells them how hard each climb on a stage is, where the riders will struggle more, and the point in a stage where that day, or even the entire tour, will be won or lost.
- King of the Mountains: Mountain Classification victories (first recognized in 1933; jersey introduced 1975)
- 2020 & 2021 King of the Mountains: Tadej Pogačar, Slovenia (also won the TdF and the Young Rider classification)
POINTS: KOM points are awarded in three ways on the Tour de France:
- To riders first over the summit of categorized climbs (in descending order HC, 1-4).
- The higher the category the more riders receive points (HC points are awarded to eight riders, while CAT 4 points are awarded to only one rider).
- Bonus point (see below).
- Points for altitude finishes.
TDF POINTS FORMULA: Wikipedia has the best summary and graph we’ve seen for TdF KOM points distribution:
The points gained by consecutive riders reaching a mountain top are distributed according to the following classification:
Wikipedia - Mountains Classification - Tour de France
BONUS POINTS: These points go towards the King of the Mountain designation and are awarded to the first (8 points), second (5 points), and third (2 points) riders reaching designated summits in the race.
- There are no KOM bonuses in the 2022 Tour de France.
MONEY PRIZES FOR KING OF THE MOUNTAINS
- Prize for first to eighth place:
- Winner = €25,000
- 2nd = €15,000
- 3rd = €10,000
- 4th = €4,000
- 5th = €3,500
- 6th = €3,000
- 7th = €2,500
- 8th = €2,000
- Daily prize for wearing the Polka Dot jersey = €6,000
- Per category climb:
- 1st = €800
- 2nd = €450
- 3rd = €300
- 1st = €650
- 2nd = €400
- 3rd = €150
- Sourvenir Henri Desgrange €5000 first to Col du Galibier pass Stage 11.
The maximum amount the KOM winner could earn if he won every stage and wore the jersey from Stage 2 to the finish is $60,300 Euros (62,773 USD)